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It had long been believed in the United States that the supply of new lands and natural resources was unlimited. The last remaining reserved area, the Oklahoma Territory, had been opened for settlement in the previous year. Other remaining unoccupied lands were largely either arid or mountainous.A bitter debate followed—and continues today—between those who argued that America should exploit its resources to the fullest for as long as they last and those who favored conservation as a means to sustain supply over a longer time and preserve natural beauty.By the turn of the century, several things were evident:
Theodore Roosevelt, a sportsman and naturalist, sided emphatically with the conservationists. Legislative effort was devoted to changing the way America used its land, especially in the West. The Newlands Act of 1902 placed the federal government in an activist role in the areas of water management and reclamation.The president, with the aid and encouragement of Chief Forester Gifford Pinchot, worked to preserve more than 170 million acres, mostly in the West, in the forms of national parks and monuments. The following constitute a portion of Roosevelt’s legacy:
The act that created this park was the result of a 17-yeareffort by William G. Steel.
Also designated a National Game Preserve -
Re-designated a National Game Preserve,
Noted for its numerous cold springs.
The cliff dwellings here represent the last 75 to 100years of occupation at Mesa Verde.
The nearly vertical monolith known as Devil’s Tower rises1,267 feet above the meandering
"Inscription Rock" is a soft sandstone monolith,rising 200 feet above the valley floor, on which are carved hundreds ofinscriptions.
The park features one of the world's largest and mostcolorful concentrations of petrified wood.
Nestled into a limestone recess high above the flood plainof Beaver Creek in the
Later would become part of
Later would become part of
Gila Cliff Dwellings
A glimpse of the homes and lives of the people of the Mogollon culture who lived in from the 1280s through theearly 1300s.
Home to the prehistoric
TR acted to prevent construction of railway along rim;1919 became
Later transferred to Department of the Interior.
With more than 127 miles surveyed,
Where meandering streams cut through the canyon walls,three natural bridges formed: Kachina, Owachomo and Sipapu.
Comprises the abandoned ruins of three ancient Spanishcolonial missions.
A few hundred acres of enchanting rock formations.Monument later abandoned.
TR acted two days before leaving office.