Alfred Ulmer was born in Jacksonville, Florida on May, 1917. Ulmer graduated from Princeton University in 1939 and joined the US Navy as an intelligence officer during the Second World War. In 1945 he was transferred to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and was involved in gathering information in Turkey, Egypt, Italy and Austria.
After the war Ulmer became head of the Strategic Services Unit (SSU) in Austria. In January 1946, a new National Intelligence Authority was established along with a small Central Intelligence Group. On 2nd April the SSU was transferred to the new group as the Office of Special Operations.
In 1947 Ulmer joined the Central Intelligence Agency. He was stationed in Madrid, Athens and Paris. According to Russ Baker: "Ulmer was running things in Greece during the country's vicious civil war, the Athens CIA station was also in charge of most Middle East operations and anti-Soviet-bloc efforts in Yugoslavia."
Ulmer was then based in Washington before running the agency's Far East operations (1955-1958). Ulmer traveled to Taiwan soon after his appointment. He later recalled: "We were dropping Chinese agents into China - two a month - but we weren't getting much." Ulmer quoted Desmond FitzGerald as saying that he "had no use for the Chinese Nationalists... and wanted out."
According to Evan Thomas, the author of The Very Best Men (1995), Ulmer had a meeting with Frank Wisner, the head of the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC), the espionage and counter-intelligence branch of the CIA, in 1956, to discuss what they could do if revolution broke out behind the Iron Curtain. After the meeting Wisner told Richard Bissell that they agree to send in "lots of arms" to those resisting the communists. As Ulmer later pointed out: "We went all over the world and we did what we wanted.''
Ulmer's main task was to try and overthrow President Sukarno of Indonesia.The CIA spent a million dollars to try to influence the Indonesian elections in 1955, but much of the money was wasted or stolen and Sukarno became stronger, while the Communist Party polled six million votes. Frank Wisner told Ulmer that "I think it's time we held Sukarno's feet to the fire." Allen Dulles agreed and told Ulmer he would be "given $10 million to back a revolution in the Indonesian archipelago."
In 1956 the CIA began supporting the PRRI-Permesta rebellion in Sulawesi. This ended in failure and President Sukarno became even stronger. The following year the CIA arranged for arms to be supplied to rebels on the island of Sumatra. In February 1958, the rebels felt strong enough to declare the island independent. Within days "Sukarno's navy blockaded the rebels, his air force raided them, and his army began to move on Sumatra". The CIA sent in paramilitary expert Anthony Poshepny to Sumatra.
On 18th May 1958, Allen Lawrence Pope, one of the CIA pilots, was shot down in his B-26 after accidentally bombing a church and killing most of the congregation. Allen Dulles decided to call off the operation. Thomas Powers, the author of The Man Who Kept The Secrets (1979): "The result, of course, was a humiliation for the United States, but it was a quiet humiliation. The Indonesians knew who had been behind the rebels, of course, but they elected to treat the matter calmly... and the American press somehow never got wind of the CIA's role."
Richard Helms asked Sam Halpern to investigate why the operation failed. Ulmer told Halpern that "the rebels were given plenty of rquipment, but they had little stomach for fighting." Halpern reported back to Helms that "everything that could have gone wrong with a paramilitary operation, had gone wrong with this one." The result was that Ulmer lost his job as head of the CIA's Far East operations.
Ulmer retired in in 1962 and received the agency's Intelligence Medal of Merit. Later that year President Sukarno threatened to invade Netherlands New Guinea that he felt believed belonged to Indonesia. On 15th August, 1962, he ordered full mobilisation of his army. Willem Oltmans claimed to have prevented a Dutch war against Indonesia over New Guinea by sending a memo to President John F. Kennedy. Whatever the truth of this statement, Kennedy, against CIA advice, applied pressure on the Dutch government to hand over the territory to a temporary UN administration (UNTEA). On May 1, 1963, Indonesia took control of the country.
Russ Baker suggests in his book Family of Secrets (2009), that Ulmer visited George H. W. Bush in Texas a few days before President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas.
After leaving the CIA Ulmer worked for Greek shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos. According to Peter Evans, the author of E, Niarchos london was a CIA propriety.
Alfred Ulmer died at Virginia Beach on 22nd June, 2000.
Al Ulmer is sometimes described as having filled the positions of "attache" and "first secretary" at the U.S. embassy in Athens from the late forties through the mid fifties. Yet a memorial tribute to him in the alumni publication of his alma mater, Princeton, scores higher on the candor meter, describing his life in the wartime OSS and the CIA. Ulmer was a good friend and confidant of CIA director Allen Dulles. He embodied the attitude that nobody could tell the CIA what to do - nobody: "We went all over the world and we did what we wanted," Ulmer later recalled. "God, we had fun." He also managed coups.
When JFK forced Dulles out of the CIA following the Bay of Pigs debacle, Ulmer left as well. He went to work for the Greek shipping magnate Stavros Marches. That Ulmer had not fully left the espionage racket is suggested in part by Niarchos's own long history with the CIA, which he assisted with many covert operations." In fact, the company Ulmer ran, Niarchos London, Ltd., was itself a CIA proprietary according to author Peter Evans, who knew Niarchos personally. Niarchos would in turn be introduced into Poppy Bush's immediate circle, buying Oak Tree Farm, a prime Kentucky horse-breeding property, and leasing it to the manager of Poppy Bush's financial affairs, William Stamps Farish III.
The Hungarian Revolution, which would cost 30,000 lives including, some would say, Frank Wisner's, began with rioting on October 23, 1956. A mass demonstration of 300,000 people marched on the parliament building in Budapest, demanding open elections and the withdrawal of Soviet troops. A pair of workers with acetylene torches stoked the mob by cutting off a giant bronze statue of Stalin at the knees, leaving a pair of empty boots. The Hungarian secret police opened up with machine guns, but the army sided with the people, handing out arms to students.
On its powerful transmitters in Munich, Radio Free Europe began re broadcasting calls to arms picked up from a dozen low-power radio stations scattered throughout Hungary. RFE had been cautious during the Polish riots, warning the workers against suicidal action. But in Hungary, the people heard the broadcasts on the CIA's secretly funded radio station and believed that the hour had arrived, that the West would intervene to save them.'
In mid-October, shortly before the Hungarian uprising, Wisner and Al Ulmer, another senior official in the clandestine service, had walked about Wisner's farm on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, debating what, if anything, the agency could do if revolution broke out behind the Iron Curtain. Wisner was wrought up, but not overwrought, according to Ulmer. Both men knew that direct intervention by the United States was unlikely and that the emigre battalions supported by the CIA were probably not up to facing Soviet tanks.
The rebels sent Sukarno an ultimatum in February 1958, and when he failed to respond declared the island of Sumatra independent. Within days Sukarno's navy blockaded the rebels, his air force raided them, and his army began to move on Sumatra. The State Department reluctantly overcame its hostility to "white faces" and allowed the CIA to send two more paramilitary experts with their radiomen to join the rebels. One of them was Anthony Poshepny, called Tony Po, who had trained CIA client armies all over the Far East. Tony Po was a hard, meticulous man, a veteran of many battles who habitually carried a boxer's mouthguard in his pocket because you never know what's going to happen when you walk into a bar - better safe than sorry. But no amount of paramilitary expertise could have saved the Sumatran rebels at that point. Even a rebel air force flown by CIA pilots and paid for with CIA funds - although the funds for security reasons were passed through a rebel bank account - failed to slow the rebels' defeat on Sumatra and retreat to the Celebes. At that point the CIA was reduced to the hope that its clients might hold on to an island or two for use as a "pressure point" in future dealings with Sukarno.
But on Sunday, May 18, Allen Lawrence Pope, one of the CIA pilots, was shot down in his B-26 after accidentally bombing a church and killing most of the congregation. When word of Pope's loss reached Washington the same day, Allen Dulles decided to call off the operation and sent an emotional cable - this is the hardest thing I've ever had to do, brave men, etc. - to the senior paramilitary officer with the rebels in Menado, telling him to inform the rebels the United States must disengage. After telling the rebel leaders about the decision, the CIA officers simply abandoned whatever they could not destroy or carry, and left. One group of officers still in the heart of Sumatra, accompanied by a handful of Indonesians facing death if they remained, had to walk out to the coast through several hundred mils of jungle, and then put out to sea in rubber boats from which they were later picked up by the U.S. Navy.
The result, of course, was a humiliation for the United States, but it was a quiet humiliation. The Indonesians knew who had been behind the rebels, of course, but they elected to treat the matter calmly, knowing Foster Dulles would have to come around, as he did; and the American press somehow never got wind of the CIA's role. But within the CIA the covert operators were sobered by their failure. Al Ulmer was shortly thereafter replaced as chief of the Far East Division by Desmond FitzGerald, and that summer Frank Wisner left the DDP for good.
Alfred C. Ulmer Jr., a former official of the Office of Strategic Services and the Central Intelligence Agency, died on June 22 in Virginia Beach. He was 83.
Mr. Ulmer did intelligence work in the Navy in World War II and then joined the O.S.S. He served in Turkey, Egypt, Italy and Austria, overseeing intelligence operatives gathering information about the German military in North Africa and the Balkans, his family said.
The service was disbanded by President Truman late in 1945, and Mr. Ulmer joined the C.I.A. not long after it was founded in 1947. He retired in 1962 and received the agency's Intelligence Medal of Merit.
In his C.I.A. years, he was stationed in Madrid, Athens, Paris and Washington. He ran the agency's Far East operations from 1955 to 1958.
''God, we had fun,'' he said in a 1994 interview. ''We went all over the world and we did what we wanted.''
Thomas Powers wrote in his book ''The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the C.I.A.'' (1979) that in 1956 Frank Wisner, a senior C.I.A. executive, told Mr. Ulmer, ''It's time we held Sukarno's feet to the fire.''
At the time, Sukarno was Indonesia's leader. Mr. Powers wrote that the director of central intelligence, Allen Dulles, and his brother, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, ''did not want to overthrow Sukarno exactly, just force him to suppress the P.K.I.'' - Indonesia's large Communist Party - ''send the Russians packing and get on the American team.'' So the agency aided anti-Sukarno rebels, but they were confronted successfully by Sukarno's forces and, Mr. Powers wrote, Allen Dulles decided that the rebels must be told that the United States had to disengage. ''The result,'' Mr. Powers said, ''was a humiliation for the United States.''
In a major covert operation in Japan, the agency spent millions of dollars in the 1950's and 60's to support the conservative party that dominated the country's politics for a generation, the Liberal Democratic Party.
Mr. Ulmer was born in Jacksonville, Fla., and graduated from Princeton in 1939. After the C.I.A., he worked in the financial world.
His marriage to Doris Gibson Bridges ended in divorce. He is survived by a son, Nicholas, of Geneva; a daughter, Marguerite Ulmer Power, of Virginia Beach; five grandchildren; a brother; and two sisters.
Alfred's parents emigrated from Rohrbach, South Russia in 1884 andhomesteaded near Sutton, Nebraska. Alfred was born in rural Sutton,and lived there with his four sisters and seven brothers until thefamily moved to North Dakota in 1906. He received his educationthrough eighth grade in a country school near Sutton, then helped hisparents on the farm. The family arrived in North Dakota during ablizzard the day before Thanksgiving and lived at the north end ofFullerton while their farm was being built. Their home farm waslocated 4 1/2 miles eastan north of Fullerton and was completed inthe spring of 1907. Alfred continued to work on his parent's farmuntil manhood. He was called to serve in the US Army during WWI, butthe war ended before his induction. He met Martha, who was from ruralFredonia, North Dakota during church festivities and outings.
Alfred and Martha were married at his parents' home farm and continuedto live there until their own farm home was finished in the fallof1918. They raised seven children on that farm and lived there until1956 when they built a new house and moved to Ellendale, North Dakota. They later sold their farm to son, Milton. In 1968 Alfred and Marthacelebrated their 50th wedding anniversary at the Fullerton Schoolgymnasium with their children, grandchildren and many, many friendsandrelatives. In 1978, they celebrated their 60th anniversary,althoughby then, Martha was in the Ellendale Nursing Home and passedaway later that same year.
Alfred continued to live alone in his home in Ellendale, then sold thehome and moved into a four-plex, then into the EllendaleApartmentsuntil his health deteriorated to the extent that he wasadmitted to the Nursing Home in Ellendale. He remained there untilhis death, having passed away three weeks shy of his 96th birthday.
A full history regarding the Alfred and Martha Munsch Ulmer family canbe found in the Fullerton Centennial Book published in 1987. Thisfamily history story was written by oldest son, Benjamin Ulmer. Allseven of their children also have individual histories in thispublication.
Son, Benjamin Ulmer: "I remember my father as one who did not discusstopics much. Not much redundancy, to the point, and with sentences,not lengthy paragraphs. We did not communicate or connect well asIgrew up. This changed after I returned from the service. We hadagood relationship after that and many discussions and visits. Hepassed on a good work ethic, values and had a strong religious faith.Pastor Dietemeyer said it best when talking in private before hisfuneral. He said, "Alfred had a depth about him which was seldomperceived by me in earlier times. When I visited him in the nursinghome, everysentence he spoke was a complete sermon."
Of course, a virtue he passed on was what we now call the "Ulmer senseof humor." One could almost deduce that this is genetic in that hischildren, grandchildren and great grandchildren seem to have this"Ulmer sense of humor." I value humor very highly as a necessity oflife and am thankful for it. Dad loved his grandchildren and greatgrandchildren very much."
Son, Karl Ulmer: "I shall always remember harvest seasons when theday was ended and we'd be driving home with the wagon and horses. Dadwould begin to sing old revival hymns like, "The Old Rugged Cross","ILove to Tell the Story", "Shall We Gather at the River", "Let theLower Lights Be Burning", "When the Roll is Called Up Yonder", and"Bringing In the Sheaves". These all made a tremendous impression onme andalthough I don't recall Dad ever talking to us about religion, Ihavecome to believe that those songs were a real indication that hehad avery personal relationship with God.
Dad used to chew "Copenhagen" snuff. It came in a little round flatcontainer with a metal cover. He always carried it in his biboverallpocket - pull it out - look at me and say, "Dial, Copenhagen,"as he opened it. One time when he did this he offered me some and Itook a "chew". In about five minutes I turned yellow and green andsick to my stomach and felt awful! I think he knew he was making surethat I'd never be a tobacco chewer! People called it "snoose" inthose days- don't ask me how they spelled it."
Daughter, Anne Ulmer Stroh, Emde: " Dad was very strict and used hisrazor strap to punish us. When we had to stay after school we'd getawhipping. I had to stay often, but one time Ben had to stay afterschool but he caught up with us before we reached home and thought thefolks wouldn't know. We told on him anyway! We all learned how tomilkcows on the farm and had to help with all the chores. Dad lovedto make home made beer. When I had lunch with Mom and Dad the lasttime,I asked Dad if he remembered how he kicked me in the shins underthe table when I asked him if he remembered giving me a nickel forevery empty bottle of beer I washed."
Grandson, Thomas Stroh: "As I recall, Grandpa loved carpentry andfishing and did not talk a lot. He sure knew how to move a car bystarting it in high gear and never going very fast."
Granddaughter, Dianne Stroh Barilotti: "We were so young when we leftNorth Dakota so my memories come mostly from summer visits. Idistinctly remember the horse figurine collection that he had. He wasso proud to share that with the grandchildren. I also rememberhearing how active he was even in his later years. How he stillworked for thecity and had done carpentry work late in his life."
Granddaughter, Denice Stroh Hayashi: "It was so unfortunate that welived so far away from our grandparents. We only visited them everythree to four years so my memories are not very clear. I do rememberGrandpa having quite a few horse figurines and remember thinking itwasreally cool to play in the basement as there are no basements inCalifornia!"
Daughter, Mildred Ulmer Gebhardt: "Butchering Day was always aspecial time at home. I remember when Dad, Uncle Bill and Uncle Jakewouldcut and grind up meat to make sausages. The round wash tub wouldbe scoured and scalded, then filled with the ground meat. Uncle Billwould get into the sausage mixture up to his elbows to mix in theright amount of salt, pepper, garlic and onion. Then everyone wouldhave to take a taste to see if it was seasoned just right. Aftermeeting witheverybody's approval the sausage was packed into thesausage machine and Uncle Bill would start to fill the casings. Whatan art! He'd flip them in the middle and know just when to stopfilling so the sausage was even lengths on both ends. After they werefilled Dad would take them out to the smoke house and hang them onracks over the fire pit. They hung for several hours until they werecured. I can still see Dad taking out a full rack of smoked sausagesand carrying them to the cook car where they were hung and storeduntil they were eaten."
Granddaughter, Susan Gebhardt Meland: "When I think of Grandpa, Ithink of a highly self-disciplined individual who would consistentlysettle for no less than the pursuit of excellence and perhaps mostimportantly an individual who had the energy and strength of hisideals. Actually it has occurred to me that my memory of him may be acaricature conjured up by an impressionable child (and further shapedbystories)but then I think of my mother..and I can say with morecertainty thatshe truly had those characteristics. In fact I think Ihave probably
inherited a watered down version which has been both a blessing andacurse! I am deeply proud of my Ulmer heritage.
Grandpa had a really fun toy train engine. It was battery operated,had a whistle and its engine puffed smoke. It also had a headlight.It would back up and change course whenever it ran into somethingalong its path. I recall playing with it with Dan Ulmer. Theyactually still make these
engines and a few years ago I bought one for my son, Paul. Grandpakept a pack of Doublemint gum in his desk drawer. I think I used tosneak a piece now and then or maybe he offered it, I can't rememberfor sure. Grandpa used to help my dad with construction. I stillbrag about how he did
construction work well into his 80's. I was a bit scared ofGrandpa,but as I recall he never really did anything to warrant thatfear."
Great Granddaughter, Erin Kirmis: "Grandpa liked to play Bingo forcandy. My grandma, Millie would bring Beth, I and the candy so wecould play with him. I remember when he was in the hospital and wevisited him there. I colored him a picture out of a coloring book andgaveit to him."
Son, Milton Ulmer: "One of dad's enjoyable times was after a rainyday when it was too wet to work on the farm, we'd dig angleworms andspend the day bullhead fishing. Next best thing was eating the"catch". I also remember the days of butchering and making all thegood sausages and of course Uncle Bill & Aunt Carrie and Uncle Jake &Aunt Rosie being there to help Mom and Dad.
I'll also always remember Dad's intolerance to "horsing around". Idlehands were the Devil's tools! Work was the #1 priority, and when yougot it done, he would find some more! Oh, and how could anyone forgetthe big razor strap hanging behind the door on the east wall of theold house. This was used whenever Dad felt it was needed. Istillhave it and intend to restore it. I'll always remember the"strap" as the Ulmer family's "first educational tool"."
Daughter in law, Avelon Borgen Ulmer: "Alfred always knew when thechoke cherries were JUST RIGHT for picking, also when the corn wasready for harvest. He was not one to offer advice to "newlyweds" evenifwe probably needed it! It's interesting to me to note thedifferencein his attitude toward the grandchildren. He didn't seem tolike to have them be disciplined. If we happened to be doing that, hewould chime in and say, "That's enough now." I don't think he wouldhave allowed the STRAP!"
Granddaughter, Kathie Ulmer Hay: "Grandpa was hard working, even whenhe retired he stayed active as much as before. He was proud ofhisgrandchildren as well as his own children. He remained an avid fanof baseball! He was a true blue German and was the "authority" athome. Nobody ever questioned that!"
Grandson, John Ulmer: "My earliest memories of Grandpa involvedstaying at their house in Ellendale during the day. Grandpa and Iwould do "guy stuff" together. At 10:00 in the morning, we'd get inthe car, drive down to the post office, and get the mail. There wouldalways be buddies of Grandpa's there at the same time. Lots of times,we'd stop at the Nodak Cafe for coffee. I didn't drink coffee, ofcourse, but I'd usually get to eat a donut hole or two.
Returning home, I'd get to help with projects around the house.Helping generally consisted of holding some tool and handing it toGrandpawhen he asked for it. From time to time, we'd go fishing.Grandma would pack us a lunch for the day and we'd head out. If I gottired, I'd lay down in the back seat of the car and take a nap.Somehow, Grandpa always gave me credit for catching at least one ofthe fish.
Another recurring memory involves Christmas. We would be gathered fordinner somewhere (usually either at our farm or at the Gebhardt housein Monango) and Grandpa would make the rounds of all the grandchildrenwho were there. He'd take out his wallet, hand each of us a dollarbill, and say, "Here's your Christmas present." It was always abrand-new crisp bill. We always knew what was coming, but we stilllooked forward to it each year."
Grandson, Daniel Ulmer: "When I was very young, I remember thatGrandpa had a Zippo cigarette lighter. Whenever he lit up acigarette, hewould let me blow out the lighter. I now have thatlighter and whenever I see it, I can picture myself climbing on hislap to blow it out.
One holiday when we still lived in the old house on the farm,Grandpacame to our house for dinner. I must have been younger than 12years old as the new house was not yet built. A bunch of us sataround the table for quite some time while Grandpa related the storyof how he and his brothers migrated from Nebraska to North Dakota. Ienjoyed hearing his stories and now wish I had asked more questions.
I remember another holiday when Grandpa came to our house for dinnerat the new house. He came down in the basement where a few of uswereshooting pool and said, "I haven't played this game in 30 years."Hethen proceeded to beat everyone easily!"
Daughter, Monica Ulmer Hallerud: "I was born on Dad's 40th birthday.Over the years he established the tradition of adding our yearstogether and would say, "Monica, today we are ___ years old." We werequite poor and I did not always get a birthday present, but throughoutthe day he would say, " Happy Birthday, Monica" and I'd always reply,"Happy Birthday, Dad."
Whenever I had a loose tooth, Dad would ask to see it. When mymouthwas wide open, he would grab the offending tooth with his strong,tobacco stained fingers and it was gone! He was a strict, but lovingdad. He did not show his affections openly or freely, but I alwaysknewI was loved."
Granddaughter, Karen Hallerud Moore: "When I think back on GrandpaUlmer, he was a kind, soft spoken man. He always hugged us when wecame and departed. He also used to give each of us kids a silverdollaras we got in the car to drive back home. He always made sure ablessing was said at each meal. He worked hard and didn't stopworking even when he got old. I remember hearing about him climbingonto roofs and helping construct buildings when he was too old to bedoing such things. The last wonderful thing I remember about Grandpawas that he came to my wedding in 1981. He rode to Kansas City withUncle Albert and Aunt Millie and he commented that he didn't know ourcity had so many trees! I was honored that he was there for me and myfamily."
Grandson, Eric Hallerud: "I have memories of Grandpa starting inthemid 1960's from summer vacation trips when we would visit He andGrandma in Ellendale.
I recall talking to Grandpa in the living room of their little whitehouse. I think he had a special chair that was his. It seemed likethe Twins were on TV or radio frequently when we'd visit.
There was a little basket full of various kinds of rocks andmineralsthat sat in a corner of the living room. Items that I guessGrandpa picked up here and there. I have that little basket today andam looking at it as I write this.
I loved the garage and the garden in the back yard. I rememberGrandpa had North Dakota license places from years past nailed up onthe wall in the back. For reasons I do not fully understand, I now dothe same in my garage. It just seems like the right thing to do.
I remember going fishing with Grandpa and coming back with bullheadsand cleaning them in the garage. An old garage is a wonderful placewhen you are a kid. Grandpa's was the best! Let's not forget the oldgreen 1959 Chevy - a car he drove for many years. He told me yearslater that he had been forced to reluctantly get rid of the car whentheframes around the headlights rusted out and the lights shonestraightdown toward the pavement!
I loved Grandpa's voice and accent. He spoke in sort of a clippedfashion and the words seemed to form in the back of his mouth. Tothis day, I can "play it back" and hear him speak.
The NoDak Cafe and coffee. Dad and I went there with Grandpa whenwewould visit. I think it may have been a regular daily stop for him.
Mom (Monica) and Grandpa had the same birthday - July 20th. I was dueon the very same date but arrived a week late. I understand that theodds of three generations sharing the same birth date are very remote. Grandpa was 40 years older than Mom and 65 years older than me.I liketo marvel at all the changes he saw in his lifetime.
I recall once hearing the story that Grandpa had to stop roofinghouses in Ellendale when his sons wanted to quit doing it themselvesbecause they didn't feel safe doing it anymore!
Grandpa came to Karen's wedding in Kansas City in June of 1981. Asidefrom a trip to California I wonder how many other trips he madeoutside of the Dakotas. I remember he loved all the trees and howgreen everything was in our part of the world.
Grandpa's 90th birthday celebration in Ellendale in 1982 was a specialoccasion. We had a picnic in the park and there was a big cake with a90 on it.
I was a pall bearer at his funeral in 1988. At the end of the serviceat the church, the funeral director put the pall bearers in the wrongorder - shorter guys in the front and the taller guys in the back.Aswe descended the front outside steps of the church with the casket,the folly of this quickly became apparent to all of us. The otherthought we all shared was that you do not drop your Grandpa! We didnot let him down. "
Grandson, Eric Hallerud's wife Diana: "I met Grandpa at his 90thbirthday party. I was amazed at how sharp he was. He made sure thathe acknowledged all the grandchildren and was still aware of personalinformation regarding each of them. I wish I could have been aroundhim more."
Daughter, Gertrude Ulmer Anderson: "Dad was an awesome figure. I wasalways a little afraid of him, but loved and respected him a lot.Ialways wanted to do chores and go fishing with Dad as I was a realoutdoor girl and wanted him to be proud of me. He was also ataskmaster and times were hard on the farm, so we all had to pitch into do our share of the work. Dad was a great sports fan and used toplay softball with his brothers in and around Fullerton when he wasyoung. I also remember going to baseball games with him, Albert andMillie when the Aberdeen Pheasants Team was playing. Dad followedthe games of the major league baseball teams until he was not able towatch TV anymore and I think I must have gotten my love of baseballfrom him. Dad was a 4-H leader for over 20 years and also served onthe local school board. He valued education and always pushed us kidsto go to school. He had a great educational influence on my life andencouraged me to go on to school after high school. I recall healways wished he would have been able to attend high school. Iremember He and Mom came to Jamestown when I was teaching there andthey visited my classroom.It was like a visit from the board ofeducation. I was nervous, but Istrived to do my best! Although Idon't really remember, he must have made some personal commentsregarding my teaching, either as praiseor criticism."
Grandson, Douglas Anderson: "I have these memories of Grandpa Ulmer:Cleaning Bullheads in the garage, Camel Cigarettes, his old green carand his horse collection."
Granddaughter, Gwen Anderson Struble: "I don't ever rememberGrandpacoming to my house, but I do remember going to his house inEllendale. It was a neat little house with red trim, and graveldriveway, andbeautiful flowers. We always knew we were at the righthouse becausethere sat Grandpa's old, green car with the "cat eye"tail lights.
Grandpa would often stand at the front door and watch us play andevery once in a while he would open the door and spit something browninto the bushes. I know now that he chewed snuff, but at that time Ialways wondered what he was doing, but was too afraid to ask. Thisgrandpa, who I loved, was not the kind to engage in frivolous childplay with us but one to revere. I don't remember "visiting" much withhim, but I felt his pride and his love.
My last "special" memory was in 1985 when my daughter, Jessica was oneyear old. We went to visit her Great Grandpa and even at the age of93, I was touched at how he had planned our visit. First church, thena program at church, then dinner at the Ranch Cafe, then watchthebaseball game on TV. He told us exactly how the day was going tounfold, and I've got pictures that captured the first meeting betweenJessica and her great grandpa, Alfred Ulmer."
Granddaughter, Sandra Anderson Bolduc: "Grandpa was a strong, quietman and was very respected. He loved his horse collection and usedtolet us play with some of them. I remember him driving downtown toget the mail in his green car and talking about still being on theCityCouncil at HIS age.
He loved grandma very much and he loved to see his grandchildren,butwe always knew not to horse around in grandpa's house. He wasstrict!"
Alfred Music&rsquos history began in New York City&rsquos Tin Pan Alley in 1922, when Sam Manus, a violinist and importer of mood music for silent films, started a music publishing company and named it Manus Music. The company published primarily popular sheet music. In 1930, Sam acquired the music publisher, Alfred & Company, founded by Alfred Haase. Sam decided to combine the names and shortened it to Alfred Music, which the company is still known as today. Sam&rsquos son, Morty began working for Alfred Music in the late 1940s and met his wife Iris at the company when the bookkeeper, Rose Kopelman, brought her daughter to work one day.
Morty reinvented Alfred Music in the 1950s. Inspired by the need for quality music education products, Morty, a clarinetist and pianist, oversaw the development of an instructional series for accordion, followed by books for guitar, piano, and recorder. Alfred Music was now more than just a sheet music publisher the company was taking its first steps to becoming the leader in music education.
Alfred Music grew significantly over the next two decades and eventually exceeded the capacity of its New York headquarters. In 1975, the main office was relocated to Los Angeles, and the distribution center was moved to upstate New York. Sharing their father’s vision, Morty’s sons, Ron and Steve joined the company Ron in 1988 and Steve in 1992. While continuing to develop the world’s leading instructional methods and performance music, they also expanded Alfred Music internationally, establishing offices in Australia, Germany, Singapore, and the UK. In 2005, Alfred Music purchased Warner Bros. Publications, acquiring the rights to the EMI Catalogue Partnership and beginning a long-term relationship with Warner/Chappell Music. Through this deal, Alfred Music gained the print publishing rights of legendary publishers such as M. Witmark & Sons, Remick Music Corp., and T.B. Harms, Inc. Among the vast EMI holdings are the Robbins and Leo Feist catalogs, plus film music from United Artists, MGM, and 20th Century Fox including The Wizard of Oz, Singin’ in the Rain, Doctor Zhivago, and many others.
Alfred Music currently has over 150,000 active titles and represents a wide range of well-known publications—from methods like Alfred’s Basic Guitar, Alfred’s Basic Piano Library, Premier Piano Course, Sound Innovations, and Suzuki, to artists like Bruce Springsteen, Bruno Mars, Cole Porter, Carrie Underwood, Garth Brooks, Jimmy Buffett, George and Ira Gershwin, John Lennon, Katy Perry, Led Zeppelin, The Rolling Stones, and The Who, to brands like Harry Potter, Lord of the Rings, Star Wars, The Wizard of Oz, Rolling Stone magazine, and Billboard.
Alfred Music is now also paired with MakeMusic, which is part of Peaksware Holdings, LLC portfolio of companies, to transform how music is composed, published, taught, learned, and performed by bringing together the leaders in educational music publishing and music technology.
On October 21, 1833, Alfred Bernhard Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden. His family moved to St. Petersburg in Russia when he was nine years old. Nobel prided himself on the many countries he lived in during his lifetime and considered himself a world citizen.
In 1864, Nobel founded Nitroglycerin AB in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1865, he built the Alfred Nobel & Co. Factory in Krümmel near Hamburg, Germany. In 1866, he established the United States Blasting Oil Company in the U.S. In 1870, he established the Société général pour la fabrication de la dynamite in Paris, France.
When he died in 1896, Nobel stipulated the year before in his last will and testament that 94% of his total assets should go toward the creation of an endowment fund to honor achievements in physical science, chemistry, medical science or physiology, literary work and service toward peace. Hence, the Nobel prize is awarded yearly to people whose work helps humanity. In total, Alfred Nobel held 355 patents in the fields of electrochemistry, optics, biology, and physiology.
The Nobel Peace Prize and the other Nobel Prizes were established by the Swedish inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel through his last will.
When the Swedish businessman Alfred Nobel passed away in 1896, he left behind what was then one of the world&rsquos largest private fortunes. In his last will Nobel declared that the whole of his remaining fortune of 31, 5 million Swedish crowns was to be invested in safe securities and should constitute a fund "the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind"
The will specified in which fields the prizes should be awarded &ndash physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, literature and peace &ndash and which criteria the respective prize committees should apply when choosing their prize recipients. According to the will the Nobel Peace Prize was to be awarded &ldquoto the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations and the abolition or reduction of standing armies and the formation and spreading of peace congresses.&rdquo
Norwegian Nobel Committee
Alfred Nobel&rsquos will declared that the Nobel Peace Prize was to be awarded by a committee of five persons selected by the Norwegian Storting (parliament). The Storting accepted the assignment in April 1897, and the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Storting was set up in August of the same year. Read more about the Norwegian Nobel Committee (as it is now known) here.
In Sweden, however, Nobel's will triggered a lengthy legal battle with parts of the Nobel family. It was not until this conflict had been resolved, and financial matters had been satisfactorily arranged through the establishment of the Nobel Foundation in Sweden in 1900, that the Norwegian Nobel Committee and the other prize-awarding bodies could begin their work.
The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901. The Peace Prize for that year was shared between the Frenchman Frédéric Passy and the Swiss Jean Henry Dunant.
Ulmer Park: A toasty footnote in Brooklyn beer history
We’re putting together the first new podcast of the year right now, involving a major traumatic event in south Brooklyn history. As I’m getting that together, enjoy this blog posting from summer 2009 about one of southern Brooklyn’s long forgotten pleasure destinations, Ulmer Park. You can find the original article here.
Over a 100 years ago, there was once a time you could get your beer, music and mayhem at a Brooklyn ‘pleasure park’ just a few stops short of Coney Island — near today’s Bensonhurst neighborhood.
Ulmer Park was the lark of William Ulmer, one of Brooklyn’s most successful brewers in an age where much of the nation’s finest beer was coming from the future borough. The German-born son of a wine merchant who learned the trade from his uncle, Ulmer opened his eponymous brewery in the 1870s at Belvedere Street and soon came upon the idea of opening a park as a way of selling more beer. (Not a bad idea. Jacob Ruppert would have similar designs in mind when he bought the New York Yankees in 1915).
The park would open in 1893 in Gravesend Bay along the southern shore of Brooklyn — back when there was an actual shore — between Coney Island farther south and the more conservative Bath Beach resort community to its west. Ulmer Park seemed to have more in common with Bath Beach — clean, family friendly (keep Dad happy so he keeps drinking!) with a beer garden, carousels and swings, rifle ranges, a dance pavilion and of course plenty of beachfront property.
The park seemed to be particular popular with Germans — Ulmer after all was German, and this was a beer garden — and particularly the annual ‘Saengerfest’ festival. A Times article even claims that 100,000 gathered at Ulmer Park for the end of one such festival.
Below: an illustration of Ulmer Park. Note the grand pier which stuck out into into the bay
We can get a good idea of Ulmer’s intentions for the park by looking at his failure at obtaining a “liquor tax certificate” (or license) in a report from 1900. “A picnic ground, or open air pleasure resort, of about two acres” between Harway Avenue and the shore, the park had a bowling alley, a pier with canopied bar at the end, two or three other beer pavilions scattered throughout the property and a hotel.
Ultimately, neither the resort at Bath Beach nor amusements at Ulmer Park could compete with Coney Island which was about to enter its golden age in the early 1900s apparently, it was grit and decadence people wanted in their summertime Brooklyn getaways. Ulmer closed in 1899.
Below: All aboard the train to Coney Island, Ulmer Park and Bath Beach Above pic courtesy NYPL
The land remained a public space hosting baseball, cricket and track and field events. Eventually it was wiped away and redeveloped. It remains in name only, at the Ulmer Park branch of the Brooklyn Public Library and the name of the neighborhood bus depot.
About the Game
There were many victims of America's Great Depression in 1929. But in 1933 an out of work architect named Alfred Mosher Butts invented a game that would lift the spirits of millions.
Hailing from Poughkeepsie, New York, Butts had taken to analyzing popular games, defining three different categories: number games, such as dice and bingo move games, such as chess and checkers and word games, such as anagrams. He also noted, ". there is one thing that keeps word games from being as popular as card games: they have no score."
Attempting to combine the thrill of chance and skill, Butts entwined the elements of anagrams and the classic crossword puzzle into a scoring word game first called LEXIKO. This was then refined during the early 1930s and 1940s to become CRISS CROSS WORDS.
The SCRABBLE game is born
Legend has it Butts studied the front page of "The New York Times" to make his calculations for the letter distribution in the game. This skilled, cryptographic analysis of our language formed the basis of the original tile distribution, which has remained constant through almost three generations and billions of games.
Nevertheless, established game manufacturers unanimously slammed the door on Butts' invention. It was only when Butts met James Brunot, a game-loving entrepreneur, that the concept became a commercial reality.
Together they refined the rules and design and then, most importantly, came up with the name SCRABBLE - a word defined as 'to grasp, collect, or hold on to something' and a word that truly captured the essence of this remarkable concept. And so the SCRABBLE Brand Crossword Game was trademarked in 1948.
Words Don't Always Come Easily.
Pushing on, the Brunots rented a small, red, abandoned schoolhouse in Dodgington, Connecticut. Along with some friends, they turned out 12 games an hour, stamping letters on wooden tiles one at a time. Only later were boards, boxes, and tiles made elsewhere and sent to the factory for assembly and shipping.
In fact, the first four years were a struggle. In 1949 the Brunots made 2,400 sets and lost $450. Nevertheless, the SCRABBLE game gained slow but steady popularity among a handful of consumers.
Then in the early 1950s, legend has it, that the president of MACY'S discovered the game while on vacation and ordered some for his store. Within a year, the SCRABBLE game was a 'must-have' hit, to the point that SCRABBLE games were being rationed to stores around the country!
In 1952, the Brunots licensed Selchow & Righter Company, a well-known game manufacturer, to market and distribute the games in the United States and Canada. Selchow & Righter stepped up production to meet the overwhelming demand for the SCRABBLE game. In 1972, Selchow & Righter purchased the trademark from Brunot, thereby giving the company the exclusive rights to all SCRABBLE Brand products and entertainment services in the United States and Canada. One of the game's first shrewd moves.
By 1986, Selchow & Righter was sold to COLECO Industries, who had become famous as the manufacturers of the Cabbage Patch Dolls. Yet three years later, COLECO declared bankruptcy, and its primary assets - most notably the SCRABBLE game and PARCHEESI&trade - were purchased by Hasbro, Inc., owner of the Milton Bradley Company, America's leading game manufacturer.
Today the SCRABBLE game is found in three of every five American homes, ranging from a Junior edition to an Electronic Scoring edition with many versions in between including: standard, deluxe, and travel-sized games.
Like chess and bridge, competitive SCRABBLE game play is hugely popular and continues to add players every year.
Each year, the North American SCRABBLE Players Association (NASPA) hosts a National SCRABBLE Championship in a major U.S. city. The tournament attracts more than 500 highly-skilled and competitive adult SCRABBLE players who compete in 31 rounds of one-on-one play over a five day period.
The NASPA has thousands of players with official tournament ratings who compete in weekly competitions at sanctioned clubs across the U.S. and Canada. You can get involved and find out more about the NASPA by visiting scrabbleplayers.org.
The Challenge Continues.
Whatever the stakes, at home or locking intellectual horns in a tournament, competitive players are able to check and challenge their SCRABBLE words using Merriam-Webster's "Official SCRABBLE Players Dictionary."
The fifth edition of the dictionary was released in 2014, and has added more than 5,000 words since its last update. One notable word that was added was "GEOCACHE", a word chosen by fans in the SCRABBLE Word Showdown which took place on Facebook in 2014.
For school aged SCRABBLE enthusiasts, The National School SCRABBLE TOURNAMENT brings together contestants from across the U.S. and Canada, unearthing the youngest rising SCRABBLE stars. Students who compete in the tournament are generally members of a school SCRABBLE club where they learn the rules of the game, practice their vocabulary, and learn the benefits of teamwork.
Parents, teachers, and coaches can go to www.schoolscrabble.us to learn more about the event and to register students for the tournament, held annually in the spring.
The SCRABBLE game has also reached a new community of players in the digital age with digital versions of the game from Hasbro licensee Electronic Arts. Available on Facebook, iPhone, iPad, and Android devices, these digital versions are a continuing testament to Alfred Mosher Butts and his wonderful game of words.
SCRABBLE, the associated logo, the design of the distinctive SCRABBLE brand game board, and the distinctive letter tile designs are trademarks of Hasbro in the United States and Canada and are used with permission. © 2014 Hasbro. All rights reserved.
Suggested use: Print a copy of this free research checklist, and keep track of the Ulmer genealogy resources that you visit. If your web browser does not print the date on the bottom, remember to record it manually. Today is 29/Jun/2021.
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Dr. Kinsey arrived at Indiana University in 1920—a year after receiving his Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University. For the next 20 years, Kinsey studied gall wasps, specializing in taxonomy and individual variation. In 1938, he began teaching "Marriage and Family," a course for senior and married IU students. During this time, Kinsey’s study into the subject of sex increased and he began collecting sex histories to strengthen his research.
Three years later, Kinsey had gathered nearly 2,000 sex histories and earned a $1,600 grant from the National Research Council’s Committee for Research on the Problems of Sex. By 1947, the committee had funded the Kinsey team with a $40,000 grant.
Institute for Sex Research
On April 8, 1947, Kinsey and the research staff incorporated as the Institute for Sex Research (ISR). The new institute was located in IU's Biology Hall (now Swain Hall East) with Kinsey, Paul Gebhard, Clyde Martin, and Wardell Pomeroy serving as trustees. Incorporating as a non-profit entity helped protect research data, enable more avenues of research funding, and ensure a more stable and sustainable environment for the research collections and library. In 1948, Kinsey sold the contents of his research library to ISR for $1.00. Until then, he had paid for materials out of his own pocket.
"We are the recorders and reporters of facts—not the judges of the behaviors we describe."
- Alfred Kinsey
The 'Kinsey Reports'
In January of 1948, W. B. Saunders and Company published the first volume of the results of the ISR research team: Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. The wildly popular volume quickly reached number two on the New York Times Bestseller’s List with royalties going back to ISR for continued research. The complementary work, Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (W.B. Saunders), followed in 1953. The books became known in the media and popular culture as the 'Kinsey Reports'. Both volumes featured the Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale—more commonly known as "The Kinsey Scale."
Academic freedom at Indiana University
According to former Kinsey Institute Director June Reinisch, "There would be no Kinsey Institute without Herman B Wells." During his tenure as president of Indiana University, Wells doggedly took on Kinsey's detractors in one of the most heralded instances of the protection of academic freedom in the mid-20th century.
After the release of Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, Wells said: "Indiana University stands today, as it has for 15 years, firmly in support of the scientific research project that has been undertaken and is being carried out by one of its eminent biological scientists, Dr. Alfred C. Kinsey. The University believes that the human race has been able to make progress because individuals have been free to investigate all aspects of life. It further believes that only through scientific knowledge so gained can we find the cures for the emotional and social maladies in our society… I agree in saying that we have large faith in the values of knowledge, little faith in ignorance." For more, see Alma Pater: Herman B Wells and the Rise of Indiana University.
Dr. Kinsey passed away unexpectedly at age 62 on August 25, 1956. Earlier that year, he gave an interview to NBC News and interviewed his last two subjects. All told, Dr. Kinsey personally took 7,985 of the approximately 18,000 sex histories gathered by the research team.
Archival Resources in the Kinsey Institute Special Collections
Bishop Kenneth C. Ulmer, D. Min., Ph.D.
Dr. Ulmer is the former President of The King’s University in Los Angeles where he also serves as a founding board member, adjunct professor and Dean of The King’s at Oxford an annual summer session held at Oxford University.
Dr. Ulmer received his Bachelor of Arts Degree in Broadcasting & Music from the University of Illinois. After accepting his call to the ministry, Dr. Ulmer founded Macedonia Bible Church in San Pedro, California. He has studied at Pepperdine University, Hebrew Union College, the University of Judaism and Christ Church and Wadham College at Oxford University in England. He received a PhD. from Grace Graduate School of Theology in Long Beach, California, was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Divinity from Southern California School of Ministry, and he received his Doctor of Ministry from United Theological Seminary. He participated in the study of Ecumenical Liturgy and Worship at Magdalene College at Oxford University in England, has served as instructor in Pastoral Ministry and Homiletic at Grace Theological Seminary, as an adjunct professor at Biola University (where he served on the Board of Trustees), and as an adjunct professor at Pepperdine University. He served as a mentor in the Doctor of Ministry degree program at United Theological Seminary in Dayton, Ohio.
Dr. Ulmer was consecrated Bishop of Christian Education of the Full Gospel Baptist Church Fellowship, where he served as a founding member on the Bishops Council. He has served on the Board of Directors of The Gospel Music Workshop of America, the Pastor’s Advisory Council to the mayor of the City of Inglewood, California, and on the Board of Trustees of Southern California School of Ministry.
Dr. Ulmer is currently the Presiding Bishop over Macedonia International Bible Fellowship based in Johannesburg, South Africa, which is an association of pastors representing ministries in Africa and the U.S.
Dr. Ulmer has written several books including:
- “A New Thing”
- “Spiritually Fit to Run the Race”
- “In His Image: An Intimate Reflection of God”
- “Making your Money Count: Why We Have it – How To Manage It”
- “The Champion in You: Step into God’s Purpose for Your Life”
- “The Power of Money”
- “Knowing God’s Voice”
- “Passionate God”
Dr. Ulmer and his wife, are residents of Los Angeles, California have been married for 38 years and have two daughters, one son and five grandchildren.